Before running Routinator for the first time, you must prepare the working
environment. You do this using the
init subcommand. This will create
the directory for the Trust Anchor Locator (TAL) files and copy the
desired TALs into it, and create the directory for the local RPKI cache.
If you have installed Routinator using a package from our software package
repository, the application is configured to run as a system service with the
user routinator. We have included an initialisation script named
routinator-init and pre-installed a configuration
file located in
/etc/routinator/routinator.conf to make the
setup process easy for you. The configuration is meant to prepare Routinator for
production environments, explicitly setting the TAL and RPKI cache directories
and enabling the HTTP and RTR servers on localhost.
The routinator-init script invokes the
init subcommand as
the user routinator and takes configuration file into consideration. All of
the options for the
init subcommand can be appended to the
routinator-init script, which are described below. If you have built
Routinator using Cargo you also have to perform the initialisation steps, but in
this case you invoke the
init subcommand directly.
There is a subtle difference in the initialisation commands depending on how you installed Routinator.
When installed using a package, you would for example enter:
When built using Cargo, you would use:
routinator init --list-tals
Trust Anchor Locators¶
Trust Anchor Locators (TALs) provide hints for the trust anchor certificates to be used both to discover and validate all RPKI content. There are five TALs, one for each Regional Internet Registry (RIR). For production environments these are the only five you will ever need to fetch and validate all available RPKI data.
Some RIRs and third parties also provide separate TALs for testing purposes,
allowing operators to gain experience with using RPKI in a safe environment.
Both the production and testbed TALs are bundled with Routinator and can be
installed with the
To get an overview of all available TALs use the
routinator init --list-tals
This displays the following overview:
.---- --rir-tals | .- --rir-test-tals V V X afrinic AFRINIC production TAL X apnic APNIC production TAL X arin ARIN production TAL X lacnic LACNIC production TAL X ripe RIPE production TAL X apnic-testbed APNIC RPKI Testbed X arin-ote ARIN Operational Test and Evaluation Environment X ripe-pilot RIPE NCC RPKI Test Environment nlnetlabs-testbed NLnet Labs RPKI Testbed
Preparing for Production Environments¶
In the most common scenario, you will want to install the TALs of the five RIRs. To do this, run the following command:
routinator init --rir-tals
This will return the following message:
Before we can install the ARIN TAL, you must have read and agree to the ARIN Relying Party Agreement (RPA). It is available at https://www.arin.net/resources/manage/rpki/rpa.pdf If you agree to the RPA, please run the command again with the --accept-arin-rpa option.
routinator init --rir-tals --accept-arin-rpa
routinator --config /home/routinator/routinator.conf init --rir-tals --accept-arin-rpa
If you decide you cannot agree to the ARIN RPA terms, you can use the
--skip-tal option to exclude the TAL. If, at a later point, you wish
to include the ARIN TAL you can add it to your current installation using the
--force option, to force the installation of all TALs.
Preparing for Test Environments¶
For example, to add the TAL for the ARIN Operational Test and Evaluation Environment to an already initialised Routinator, enter:
routinator init --force --tal arin-ote
Deprecated since version 0.9.0:
You should verify if Routinator has been initialised correctly and your firewall allows the required outbound connections on ports 443 and 873. From a cold start, it will take ten to fifteen minutes to do the first validation run that builds up the validated cache. Subsequent runs will be much faster, because only the changes between the repositories and the validated cache need to be processed.
If you have installed Routinator from a package and run it as a service, you can check the status using:
sudo systemctl status routinator
And check the logs using:
sudo journalctl --unit=routinator
Because it is expected that the state of the entire RPKI is not perfect as all times, you may see several warnings about objects that are either stale or failed cryptographic verification, or repositories that are temporarily unavailable.
If you have built Routinator using Cargo it is recommended to perform an
initial test run. You can do this by having Routinator print a validated ROA
payload (VRP) list with the
vrps subcommand, and using
twice to increase the log level to debug:
routinator -vv vrps
Now, you can see how Routinator connects to the RPKI trust anchors, downloads the the contents of the repositories to your machine, verifies it and produces a list of VRPs in the default CSV format to standard output.
RRDP https://rrdp.ripe.net/notification.xml: Tree has 0 entries. RRDP https://rrdp.ripe.net/notification.xml: updating from snapshot. Found valid trust anchor https://rpki.afrinic.net/repository/AfriNIC.cer. Processing. Found valid trust anchor https://rpki.apnic.net/repository/apnic-rpki-root-iana-origin.cer. Processing. RRDP https://rrdp.afrinic.net/notification.xml: Tree has 0 entries. RRDP https://rrdp.afrinic.net/notification.xml: updating from snapshot. RRDP https://rrdp.apnic.net/notification.xml: Tree has 0 entries. RRDP https://rrdp.apnic.net/notification.xml: updating from snapshot. RRDP https://rrdp.afrinic.net/notification.xml: snapshot update completed. Found valid trust anchor https://rrdp.arin.net/arin-rpki-ta.cer. Processing. RRDP https://rrdp.arin.net/notification.xml: Tree has 0 entries. RRDP https://rrdp.arin.net/notification.xml: updating from snapshot. rsync://repository.lacnic.net/rpki/: successfully completed. Found valid trust anchor https://rrdp.lacnic.net/ta/rta-lacnic-rpki.cer. Processing. RRDP https://rrdp.lacnic.net/rrdp/notification.xml: Tree has 0 entries. RRDP https://rrdp.lacnic.net/rrdp/notification.xml: updating from snapshot. RRDP https://rrdp.arin.net/notification.xml: snapshot update completed. RRDP https://rrdp.sub.apnic.net/notification.xml: Tree has 0 entries. RRDP https://rrdp.sub.apnic.net/notification.xml: updating from snapshot. RRDP https://rrdp.ripe.net/notification.xml: snapshot update completed. RRDP https://rrdp.sub.apnic.net/notification.xml: snapshot update completed. RRDP https://rpki-repo.registro.br/rrdp/notification.xml: Tree has 0 entries. RRDP https://rpki-repo.registro.br/rrdp/notification.xml: updating from snapshot. RRDP https://rrdp.twnic.tw/rrdp/notify.xml: Tree has 0 entries. RRDP https://rrdp.twnic.tw/rrdp/notify.xml: updating from snapshot. ... ASN,IP Prefix,Max Length,Trust Anchor AS137884,184.108.40.206/23,23,apnic AS9003,220.127.116.11/20,20,ripe AS38553,18.104.22.168/24,24,apnic AS58045,22.214.171.124/24,24,ripe AS9583,126.96.36.199/24,24,apnic AS50629,2a0f:ba80::/29,29,ripe AS398085,2602:801:a008::/48,48,arin AS21050,188.8.131.52/24,24,ripe AS55577,184.108.40.206/24,24,apnic AS44444,220.127.116.11/24,24,ripe AS197695,18.104.22.168/24,24,ripe ...